GOAT NUTRITION – ENERGY

RICK MACHEN

Energy is used for basal metabolic processes, body heat, physical activity, tissue maintenance and growth, fat deposition, and lactation. Excess energy is stored as fat. Energy in feedstuffs is contained primarily in the carbohydrate and fat fractions. Proteins can also supply energy when fed in excess or in times of severe malnutrition. Remember the old physics rule: Energy can neither be created nor destroyed, merely changed in form. Long ago, plants must have studied physics because that s exactly what they do – capture solar energy and through the process of photosynthesis, make carbohydrates.

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APPLIED SHEEP BEHAVIOR

WARREN GILL

Sheep have evolved a unique and fascinating array of behavioral characteristics which have contributed to their survival and proliferation in a unique environmental niche. The successful sheep producer learns to understand sheep behavior, and applies this knowledge to practically all facets of flock management.

The scientific study of animal behavior is called ethology. This publication will cover many aspects of sheep ethology from mating behavior to behavior at lambing time and feeding behavior. This will not be an exhaustive review of sheep ethology because such a project would require at least a couple of large books. Instead, we will focus on particular sheep behavioral characteristics that have management implications for sheep producers in the farm and youth club flocks.

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DROUGHT, HIGH DEMAND MAKES HAY HARD TO FIND

JOSH FUNK

A scorching drought in the southern Plains has caused hay prices to soar, benefiting farmers to the north but forcing many ranchers to make a difficult choice between paying high prices or selling their cattle.

Ranchers in much of Texas, Oklahoma and even Kansas are having to pay inflated prices for hay and then shell out even more to have it trucked hundreds of miles from Iowa, Missouri, Nebraska or South Dakota. Their only other options are to reduce the size of their herds or move cattle to rented pastures in another state.

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SHEEP INDUSTRY FACING ‘PERFECT STORM’ OF HIGH PRICES & SHRINKING SUPPLY

GAYLE SMITH

With the world’s supply of sheep and wool nearly depleted, the sheep industry in the U.S. is seeing record prices, said a lamb feeder and range sheep producer from Kaycee, WY. Bob Harlan, who has been a long-time western states sheep and lamb buyer, discussed opportunities in the sheep industry during the 2011 Cattlemen’s Conference in Douglas, WY, last week. 

Harlan calls the current situation of the sheep market “the perfect storm.”

 “In the sheep industry, you must first look at the current world supply of sheep,” he explained. “Australia has been in an extended drought, and in a shrinking supply situation has slaughtered many of its replacements. The supply in Australia is 50 percent of what it was 10 years ago. There is nothing left to slaughter there,” he added.

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INDIANA SHEEP ASSOCIATION SYMPOSIUM TO BE HELD SEPTEMBER 24, 2011

Calling sheep producers and enthusiasts of all ages: the Indiana Sheep Association is having a sheep symposium September 24th at the Boone County Fairgrounds in Lebanon, Indiana.  Registration starts at 8:00 am, with programs at 9:30 am. The event will include several guest speakers who will be giving informative sessions on sheep related topics such as accelerated lambing, parasite control and a FAMACHA workshop, carcass cutting demonstrations, effective message blogging and more.  There are also several sessions targeted towards 4-H youth. Check out the symposium flyer for the complete list of sessions, speakers and other activities.   

Contact Carrie Johnson for more information:

765-299-3948

executive@indianasheep.com

 ISA SYMPOSIUM FLYER

ISA website

ASSISTED REPRODUCTION IN THE EWE OR DOE

FRED M. HOPKINS

Assisted Reproduction can yield production and management advantages when practiced in the ewe and doe. Little formal research in the area is done in the U.S. and objective information may be difficult to obtain. Most hormones can only be used in an extra-label manner in ewes and does. Often, these products are not available through normal commerce. Despite these problems assisted reproduction has a place in ewe and doe management.

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